Today, we’re exploring the differences between a raster vs. vector image. We’ll also tell you the key difference between the two image file types.
Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of both will help create an adaptable image. Raster and vector graphics are used in different industries and have unique qualities.
Keep reading to discover the answers to your most pressing vector and raster image questions.
What Is A Raster Image?
A raster image, also called a bitmap, is a digital image composed of a matrix of tiny pixels. Pixels are the smallest individual element in an image, containing color information that helps to form the final image.
Raster images are resolution-dependent, meaning they cannot scale up or down. When printed, a raster image composes of thousands of tiny dots, giving the image a “grainy” appearance.
What Is a Vector Image?
A vector image is an image that is a mathematical formula instead of pixels. A vector image can scale without losing quality, making it ideal for logos and illustrations that need a transparent background.
Vector images are usually created in vector editing software like Adobe Illustrator.
Pros and Cons of a Raster Image
Pixels, essentially little colored squares, are the building blocks of raster graphics. This has both pros and cons.
A pro of a raster image is that each pixel can be a different color, which allows for a wide range of colors and tones. However, this can also be a con, as the different shades of pixels can make the image look “noisy.”
Another pro of raster images is that they can be easily edited using image editing software. Unfortunately, this is also a con, as it is easy to delete or change pixels, changing the look of the image entirely.
Pros and Cons of a Vector Image
Vector images are usually more accurate and precise than raster images. However, vector images can also be more challenging to create than raster images. They are also not supported by some image editing programs.
File Formats: Raster vs. Vector Image
Raster image file formats include JPEGs, GIFs, and PNGs. These images are grids of pixels; you cannot enlarge them without losing image quality.
Vector image file formats, such as SVG, AI, and EPS, are made up of lines and curves that can be resized infinitely.
Differences Between Raster and Vector Images Explained
Raster vs. vector image: the differences are numerous. But the primary distinction is that raster images are made of pixels, and vector images are made up of paths.
Raster images are better for photos and images with a lot of detail, while vector images are better for logos and illustrations. If you’re not sure which type of image you need, ask a professional to help you.
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